Metabolism is a chemical process that occurs within a living organism to maintain life.
It provides the foundation for keeping organs functioning. The chemical process is a life sustaining chemical transformation of our cells. The three main purposes of metabolism are:
- The conversion of food to building blocks of proteins, nucleic acid, carbohydrates and lipids.
- The conversion of food to energy to run cellular processes.
- The elimination of nitrogenous waste.
Metabolism is usually split into two categories. These are catabolism, which involves the breaking down of organic matter, for example glucose to pyruvate. Then there is Anabolism, which is the building up of cell components such as protein to nucleic acid.
Having a slow metabolism is often blamed for dieting failure and can result in less calories being burned. Having a fast metabolism means your body is capable of burning more calories faster performing the said chemical process. Having a fast metabolism means your body is able to lose more weight as it also means your body can consume more calories. There are no supplements you can take to speed up metabolism, it’s about your diet and your lifestyle.
There are ways to speed up your metabolism, such as aerobic exercise (cardio) and strength training (lifting weights). The more active you are the more calories you burn, speeding up the metabolism process, giving you a faster metabolism. A faster metabolism can increase your ability to burn calories. Genes can also contribute to having a slow metabolism but the above can help speed it up.
The NHS suggest 150 minutes of aerobic exercise and at least 2 or more days per week of strength training. If you’re aiming to lose weight you would need to be doing slightly more than the suggested. Increasing muscle mass also helps contribute to weight loss. This can be done through strength training and consuming the correct amount of Whey Protein.